Who Wrote Article 370?

What is 35a in Kashmir in English?

Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was an article that empowered the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to those permanent residents..

Who sold Kashmir to India?

Under the terms of the Treaty of Amritsar that followed in March 1846, the British government sold Kashmir for a sum of 7.5 million Nanakshahee rupees to Gulab Singh, hereafter bestowed with the title of Maharaja.

What are the advantages of removing Article 370?

Several restrictions on transfer of land existed. Any landowner who wishes to sell his land would benefit from increased prices. There will be no change in ownership due to removal of Article 370.

Is Jammu and Kashmir a part of India?

Jammu and Kashmir (union territory), a region administered by India as a union territory since 2019. Jammu and Kashmir (state), a state of India from 1950 to 2019. Jammu and Kashmir (princely state), a princely state from 1846 to 1950. … Kashmir, the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.

Why does Pakistan want Kashmir?

The conflict started after the partition of India in 1947 as both India and Pakistan claimed the entirety of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir with Pakistan recognizing Chinese sovereignty over the Trans-Karakoram Tract and Aksai Chin since 1963.

Was Kashmir a Hindu state?

In the 1901 Census of the British Indian Empire, the population of the princely state of Kashmir was 2,905,578. Of these 2,154,695 were Muslims, 689,073 Hindus, 25,828 Sikhs, and 35,047 Buddhists. The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 50% of the population.

Why Kashmir has its own flag?

The flag had its origin in events that took place on 13 July 1931 in Srinagar. During a demonstration against the Dogra rulers, police opened fire and 21 people were killed. The blood-tainted shirt of one of the victims was then hoisted by the crowd as the new flag of Kashmir.

How did Kashmir became part of India?

The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947. By executing this document under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to accede to the Dominion of India.

What is Article 370 essay in English?

10 Lines on Article 370 of the Indian Constitution Essay It empowers the state to form its own constitution other than the Indian constitution. It empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to take decisions independently on all fronts except in the matters of communication, defence, foreign affairs and finance.

Who owned Kashmir first?

In 1339, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir, inaugurating the Salatin-i-Kashmir or Shah Mir dynasty. Kashmir was part of the Mughal Empire from 1586 to 1751, and thereafter, until 1820, of the Afghan Durrani Empire. That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir.

What is Kashmir special status?

Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, a region located in the northern part of Indian subcontinent which was administered by India as a state from 1954 to 31 October 2019 and a part of the larger region of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan …

What does Article 368 say?

Part-xx Article 368 (1) of the Constitution of India grants constituent power to make formal amendments and empowers Parliament to amend the Constitution by way of addition, variation or repeal of any provision according to the procedure laid down therein, which is different from the procedure for ordinary legislation.

Do Kashmiris love Pakistan?

Pro-Pakistan sentiment is fondness and love of aspects of Pakistani culture, Pakistani history, Pakistani cuisine, Pakistani traditions and the people of Pakistan. … The slogan, Pakistan Zindabad, has been used by some Kashmiris, who support Kashmir’s accession to Pakistan, in the Indian-administered Kashmir.

When was Article 370 Started?

Article 370 of the Constitution of India was a ‘temporary provision’ inserted on 17 October 1949 which gave special powers to the state of Jammu and Kashmir, lawfully authorising it to have its own constitution.

How was Article 370 removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. … The next day, on August 6, the president implemented the resolution and revoked Jammu and Kashmir’s special status through Presidential Order C.O.